PDF | On Oct 1, , C A Dunlavy and others published Technological Change: The The Evolution of Technology by George Basalla. Cambridge Core - History of Science - The Evolution of Technology - by George Basalla. George Basalla, University of Delaware . PDF; Export citation. The evolution of technology. by: George Basalla urn:acs6: evolutionoftechn00basa:pdfdf3d1cabd89e1ad25e.
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Technological Change The Evolution of Technology by George Basalla Review by: Colleen A. Dunlavy Science, New Series, Vol. , No. (Sep. 1, ). This book presents an evolutionary theory of technological change based upon recent scholarship in the history of technology and upon relevant material drawn . MB THE EVOLUTION OF TECHNOLOGY GEORGE BASALLA As Pdf, THE. EVOLUTION GEORGE OF TECHNOLOGY BASALLA As Docx, EVOLUTION.
A stick on the ground evolved into a throwing stick, then a spear, then a missile. His second task was to explain the various ways in which our dance with artifacts has evolved, and this consumed most of the book. Readers are taken on an illuminating journey to realms that our industrial society has erased from the maps and forgotten.
Technological evolution follows a similar curve. For most of the hominid journey, our artifacts were little more than sticks and stones, and their evolution happened very slowly.
The Evolution of Technology
A state of the art stone hammer might be no different from a hammer used , years earlier. It is important to understand that for almost the entire hominid journey, our ancestors enjoyed a relatively sustainable way of life, and that this era corresponds exactly with the long, long era when technological evolution was essentially in a coma.
This is not a coincidence. Unfortunately, our system of education is writhing in a bad trip after inhaling the loony fumes of the myth of progress.
Technological Design as an Evolutionary Process
This intoxicant was conjured by notorious buffoons years ago, and its side effects include disorientation, anxiety, and uncontrollable self-destructive impulses. We continue to hallucinate that the zenith of the human journey is today, and that the Golden Age is yet to come.
We have a remarkable ability to completely tune out what is perfectly obvious, and vitally important. The Tikopians and Sentineli are island societies that keep their numbers in check, and live very lightly, using simple artifacts.
These communities stay in balance with their land, and are content. They do not suffer from a persistent itch for more and more. Technological innovation is entirely off their radar.
They have no need for it, and experimenting with it could permanently destroy them. Native American potters and basket weavers created artifacts that were careful, error-free reproductions of traditional designs. Apprentices worked hard to imitate the work of their elders, and their success earned respect. Their culture had a healthy resistance to change, because their time-proven traditions kept them on a good path.
China invented the compass, gunpowder, and printing, and put them to practical use. When Europeans brought this knowledge home, it sparked immense innovation that led to major changes in their way of life.
The vast Chinese civilization was stable and conservative. It was not nimble, fast-paced, and highly competitive, like Europe. Europe was a chaotic and unstable collection of competing nations. Society had far less resistance to new artifacts.
The wheel was first used in Mesopotamia, about 5, years ago. In many societies, it became a popular artifact, used for commerce and warfare.
Recent decades have seen the emergence of evolutionary theories of technology, which use concepts and principles drawn from evolutionary biology to describe and explain processes of technological innovation and technological change. In this chapter, I will focus on three prominent theories, by George Basalla, Joel Mokyr and Robert Aunger, and I will investigate to what extent these theories present a truly evolutionary account of technological innovation and change.
In the end, I aim to analyze how these theories construe technological design: as a blind evolutionary process, a purposive activity of designers, or a mixture of both. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Preview Unable to display preview.
Download preview PDF. References Andersen, E.
Google Scholar Aunger, R. Google Scholar Basalla, G.
Google Scholar Bijker, W. Google Scholar Blackmore, S. Google Scholar Callebaut, W. Google Scholar Cziko, G.
Google Scholar Darwin, C. Google Scholar Dawkins, R. Google Scholar Dembsky, W.Fox, ed.
Dunlavy Science, New Series, Vol. The book opens with six essays on the nature of, and problems concerning, evolutionary thinking about technology. Many groups in the Near East eventually abandoned the use of wagons, because camels were a faster and easier way of moving stuff.
The myth of the heroic inventor is just years old. T h e book is well written and thoughtful in its approach as well as being refreshingly free from the cloying cuteness which pervades much of the American popular literature on computer programming.
As Basalla himself acknowledges, CA, Most are familiar have been more important than others.
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